The modern mainstay of production and manufacturing, CNC, dates back to 1940 when the first NC (Numerical Control) emerged. Though, turning machines emerged before then. As a matter of fact, a machine-implemented to increase precision and replace handcrafted techniques was developed in 1751. It will be a while until the idea can take on the abilities of modern CNC manufacturing companies.
The machining technology, which resulted in the X-Carve CNC Machine, marked the beginning of industrialization. Today’s definition of machining is more specific as it involves entering 3D files into a computer that runs a program, controlling the motion of tools. To help you understand the history behind CNC technology, here are key points to look at:
- Staples of Technology in CNC
Although there is tremendous growth in CNC history, there are some cornerstones, which remain unchanged. From highly advanced systems to bare-bones concepts, every automated motion control manufacturing machine still needs three significant components. These key components include feedback, command function, and motion/drive systems.
CNC has also had an interesting and long history. As technology develops in the future, there can be more incredible components to add to history as the production industry continues to promote the use of automated and robotic procedures in almost all fields.
- Benefits of CNC Technology
Since CNC has advanced over the course of several decades, the current iteration is more developed in terms of production speed, precision, and automation than its predecessor machine.
Among the standard advantages that CNC machine provides include the following:
- A more comprehensive range of machining tasks and increased adaptability
- Intricate and complex part fabrication with faster turnover rates
- Greater productivity
- Fully equipment inspection systems and automated quality control
- The Function and Purpose of First NC Machines
Engineers and developers during World War II sought techniques to offer them an added advantage in the manufacturing industry. Previously, metalworkers manually used lathers, among other pieces of equipment. The war increased the demand for metal items, so the US Air Force needed a means of speeding the production process without sacrificing quality.
The dream of automation for production was not possible since NC machines needed human input. Unlike the original NC machines, the modern CNC machinery, as classy as it is, still requires professionals to oversee operations.
- Punch Tape Technique
Regardless of the substantial leap advancements in terms of uniformity and quality in the production sector, there was still room for human errors. This bore the concept of automatic numerically controlled machine lines to relieve the need for human supervision and input.
In 1955, the punch tape technique developed to use a magnetic tape reader. This process started with a planner sheet where the direction variables like feeds, speed, and cooling control can be entered.
The New Advancement – Bottom Line!
CNC machines have evolved into an automated powerhouse people know today. These machines started as simple pieces of equipment controlled with a punch tape technique.
Now, CNC machines depend on software input and are more dynamic and faster than their original counterparts – NC.